What is NAPFA?

NAPFAElise recently helped me change the artwork in the office. Added some, moved some, and removed a couple. The best addition was a map of Sanibel Island signed by our kids and grandkids, and now, thanks to Elise’s help, it includes pics of everyone. Sanibel has always been a special vacation place for our family. Great memories.

Another nice addition was my NAPFA acceptance letter, related Fiduciary Oath signed by me, and the recent Accredited Investment Fiduciary (AIF®) certification I received. Brett has these three items in his office as well. We’re often asked by clients and others for more information on NAPFA and AIF® so we thought it might be worth an explanation.

NAPFA (pronounced ‘Nap-Fah’) stands for the National Association of Personal Financial Advisors. NAPFA and its members are all about bringing integrity, honor, and trust to its clients and to investors in general. Its members are strictly fee-only, independent, Registered Investment Advisors just like DWM. NAPFA vets its candidates very carefully, including credentials, experience, peer review of a sample comprehensive financial plan, and signature and adherence to NAPFA’s Fiduciary Oath.

The AIF® designation is awarded by the Center for Fiduciary Studies, the standards-setting body for fi360, the first full-time training and research facility for fiduciaries in the country. AIF® is a very select group. There are only 6,000 AIF® designees currently, as compared to 70,000 CFP® certificants. AIF® designees are the only recognized professionals trained to perform fiduciary assessments, which measure how well investment professionals are fulfilling the fiduciary duties required of them by the applicable investment legislation, case law, and regulatory opinion letters. AIF® designees, like Brett and myself, are able to use the knowledge and resources they have gained through their training to better organize, formalize, implement and monitor their processes and procedures. Studies show that a prudent process improves investment results.

There is a tremendous investor movement away from large brokerage firms to smaller, fee-only independent firms such as DWM. In my opinion there are two key reasons for this: results and trust.

According to the WSJ, “Investors are Fleeing Active Stock Managers.” Actively managed stock and bond mutual funds are the building blocks used by many large institutional wirehouses. The operating expense of an actively managed mutual fund is generally a minimum of 1% more per year than a passive, low cost mutual fund or ETF. Actively managed funds have a lot of expenses a passive fund doesn’t have. These can include research (to try to beat the market), trading, marketing, upfront fees, sales fees and others. Of course, the institutions that promote these actively managed funds to investors receive part of those operating expenses as “revenue sharing.” The investor comes out the loser in this format, since studies have shown time and time again that actively managed stock and bond funds over time don’t “beat the market”, but rather they consistently underperform the benchmark indices. And, that underperformance is usually by about 1% or more, just about the same amount as the “excess fees” over passive investments. The extra 1% in expenses goes right to the bottom line, especially these days when diversified stock returns are more likely in single digits than double digits. A 1% drag on a $1 million portfolio would reduce the appreciation over 20 years by $600,000 or more. It’s no surprise that many large institutions don’t even provide performance results with their statements. The reports can be 100 pages long and yet there is no performance data provided (i.e. time-weighted return calculations). The WSJ article puts it this way, “U.S. active managers destroyed the trust of individual investors and financial advisers, neither of whom want to pay up for active management that can’t beat an index.”

So, many large brokerage institutions have tried to gain the public’s trust (and their money) by advertising themselves as fee-only and fiduciaries. While there may be a small portion of their offering that does qualify to use these terms, their overall business model is generally focused on making money for the institution and its employees. They may charge a client a percentage of asset fees for managing money. That’s not all they get. They often receive “revenue sharing” from mutual fund companies they promote to clients and receive commissions for selling annuities and life insurance contracts.

Have you seen the recent Charles Schwab “Why” TV Commercial? The ad revolves around a boy who quizzes his father about the real value the family’s financial advisor provides. It suggests that most children can see that the wirehouse business is stacked in favor of the advisor, not the client. These days, both children and their parents are really questioning what they are getting and paying these brokers. True fiduciaries put their clients’ interests first and disclose any potential conflict of interest. They hold themselves accountable for results and make full disclosure to their clients. And, they provide additional value-added services and transparency. The general public, I believe, is recognizing that the wirehouses just don’t do that.

NAPFA and its members are gaining a lot of traction. Investors looking to move from the old wirehouse paradigm can contact NAPFA and use its website www.NAPFA.org, to find vetted financial advisers in their area who might be a good fit for them. DWM gets communication, prospects, and ultimately clients from our association with and link to NAPFA. No money changes hands between us. Like DWM, NAPFA is all about doing the right thing; bringing integrity, honor and trust to its clients and investors in general. That’s why we are proud to be members of NAPFA® and AIF® designees.