They have graduated from college and have finally secured their first job. They are officially launched. Give yourselves a high five. It is what all parents dream of and sometimes fear. An empty nest with quiet solitude and, presumably, less mess and lower grocery bills. Now those fledgling adults need their own places to roost, but rents are high in Charleston or Chicago or other cities where they may have migrated. The best areas to live and work are always the most expensive. Paying rent to a landlord can seem like throwing money away. Wouldn’t it make more sense for them to buy their own nest?
The good news is that mortgage rates are favorable now and the real estate market is stronger in many areas. Real estate will likely be an asset that appreciates. There are some favorable mortgage programs for first-time home buyers. Generally, there are two categories for loans: the conventional mortgages offered by Fannie Mae/Freddie Mac and then the slightly more lenient programs offered by the FHA. There is also a kind-of hybrid program offered by Fannie Mae called My Community Mortgage that is similar to the FHA loan programs, but has income limitations based on the HUD median income in your area. Lastly, if looking in a small-town area, there is a USDA loan program that offers favorable rates, flexible lending guidelines and can offer options with no down payment. There are location and income limitations for the USDA loans, but worth looking into, if purchasing real estate in a small town. The individual banks will occasionally offer short-term “niche” loan programs, but there can be some catches with those.
The first place to start in the home-buying process is to get an accurate and current credit score and credit report for your first-time home buyer. All loan programs will require this information from the buyer and it is good for them to know where they are before starting the process. Lenders look carefully at payment history, debt ratios and employment history for young buyers. FHA loans will allow letters of explanation for credit issues and flexibility in some of the other guidelines. They can get pre-approved for a mortgage so they know exactly what amount is possible to borrow. Generally speaking, the conventional mortgages require a credit score minimum of 680. The other programs are more flexible and will individually evaluate to qualify, though 620 is probably their minimum. They can certainly start by checking with their bank on what they can do. The mortgage broker we spoke with says that they work hard to find the best available option for the borrower and to make sure that they manage the underwriting process to ensure qualification. Having options and someone to help with underwriting can be especially useful for a first-time buyer. The rates and down payment minimums might be better in a conventional loan program, but the guidelines are a little stricter. It is advisable for the new buyer to get educated and look into improving their credit worthiness, if needed.
Prior to real estate shopping, it is also recommended that the buyer have a very good understanding of their budget so they know exactly how much house they can afford. It is good to remember all the “sleeper” costs in both the purchase and ownership of a home. There are settlement costs, taxes, insurance, maintenance, repairs, HOA fees etc. that all should be considered as part of the budget. Also, have the potential new nester check out the neighborhood at different times of day to see if it meshes with their lifestyle. And be sure to test the commute to and from work… in this day and age, that can be a very big consideration for quality of life as well as resale!
There are several options for you to participate in as parents. All of the programs allow some down payment and/or settlement cost help from family members. The rules vary, but there are definitely options to provide 100% as a gift, as long as the buyer can qualify for the mortgage on their own. The lender will require proper gift letters and possible bank statements. There is also the ability to be a non-occupant co-borrower that can help with qualification, as long as the occupant can demonstrate that they can afford the payments with their income. This will affect the parents’ debt ratio and appear on their credit report. You could also purchase something and rent it to your child, possibly even with a rent-to-own contract. There are, of course, tax advantages to ownership for the young buyer and may be advantages for you, also.
DWM clients know that financial planning assistance for their children, including first time home buying, is covered as part of our Total Wealth Management process. We’re happy to help with nest-building for the entire family.