Everyone at DWM hopes you and yours have a happy and safe Fourth of July. In honor of our national holiday and courtesy of National Geographic, we’d like to share six memorable myths that turn out to be more fiction that fact.
1) Did Paul Revere ride solo? No, he didn’t. Yes, patriot Paul Revere really did ride the night of April 18, 1775 to warn the countryside that the British troops were on the move. He and two other riders, William Dawes and Samuel Prescott were, in fact, part of a highly effective, early warning system. Longfellow’s 1860 poem “Paul Revere’s Ride” fails to acknowledge the other two riders or that all three were, in fact, captured that night by the British.
2) Did a raucous Independence Day Party in Philly crack the Liberty Bell? No, the State House bell cracked soon after its arrival in 1752. The bell was recast and recracked several times but was intact during the Revolutionary War.
3) Did patriots flock to fight for freedom? Not really. There was a surge of initial enlistees. However, as it became clear that the struggle for independence would be long and difficult, the enthusiasm began to wane. Many colonies resorted to cash incentives as early as 1776 and states were drafting men by 1778.
4) Did John Adams die thinking of Thomas Jefferson? Incredibly both Adams and Jefferson died on the same day, July 4, 1826, exactly fifty years after the founding of America. However, Jefferson actually died a few hours before Adams and there is no evidence that supports the myth that Adams whispered these final words: “Thomas Jefferson survives.”
5) Did Betsy Ross Make the First American Flag? There is no proof that Betsy Ross played any part in designing or sewing the American flag that made its debut in 1777. Her participation was only revealed nearly a century after the fact by her grandson. There is no evidence, on the other hand, to prove she was not the seamstress.
6) Does the Declaration of Independence hold secret messages? The movie National Treasure was based upon a “coded map” on the back of the Declaration of Independence which would lead to the lost “national treasure” of precious metals, artwork and other artifacts accumulated over many millennia. Of course, that is not true. The National Archives acknowledges that there is something written on the back of the document. It is merely a label stating: “Original Declaration of Independence dated 4th July 1776.”